Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Prevention
"A Skip and Hop" Program
Tears of the ACL have been estimated to occur in 1 out of 3,000 to 3,500 people in the Unites States each year. As a result, as many as 100,000 ACL reconstructions are performed annually. In the last 15 years knee ligament injuries have increased by 172 percent. It has been estimated that females are 4 to 8 times more likely to tear their ACL than their male counterparts. Re-injury of the ACL reconstruction graft is 12% to 15% in males and 25% to 30% in females.
The mechanism of ACL injuries is usually non-contact, and occurs most often in pivoting and cutting sports such as soccer and basketball. The reason why females are at greater risk has been the focus of much study recently.
A research conducted in 2000-2001 (USA) by Madelbaum et al, shows that neuromuscular training programs decreased the number of ACL ligament injuries in female soccer players by 88% and 74% in consecutive years.
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